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Age Spot Causes & Treatment

As a person ages, he can develop black or brown pigmentations called solar lentigines (singular, solar lentigo), or more commonly called the age spot. While these are sometimes considered a normal part of aging, the truth is that these days there anti aging treatments people can use to control the signs of aging that appear on the skin. In addition to cosmetic surgery procedure, there are also many different simple treatments that are designed to minimize the appearance of this type of mark as well as to improve your health and restore natural beauty to the skin.

Age Spot Causes

In short, an age spot is caused by the sun.  The brownish spots that can appear on your face and body are usually a result of overexposure to the sun's rays.  As we get older, our skin continues to be subjected to the sun and damage is practically inevitable.  The natural melanin pigment in the skin absorbs sunlight and works to protect the skin from the UV rays.  Unfortunately, aging allows deterioration in the capacity of the melanin to do its job. 

As the sun damages the cells that produce this pigment in the outer layer of the skin, freckles and age spots can occur.  People are very individual in the amount of melanin pigment their skin has and how well it protects them from the sun. When compared to people who have naturally darker skin, those who have very fair skin often need additional protection from the UV rays that damage the melanin.

Age Spot Treatment

One of the first methods used to treat an age spot problem is prevention.  If the sun can be avoided and we can protect our skin, we can reduce the incidence of age spots.  You may not realize that quite a bit of our exposure to the harmful UVA light that is responsible for skin damage happens while driving in the car.  Most cars have windows that only protect from the UVB rays, which cause sunburn.  It is important to use a good sunscreen any time you might be exposed to the sun's rays.

If an age spot has appeared on your skin, you will find that there are a variety of treatments available.  These include dermabrasion, chemical peels, freezing, and laser resurfacing.  These types of treatments can help to reduce the appearance of spots and may even remove them entirely.  There are some bleaching creams available that help in the cases of large areas of discoloration, such as melasma.  Because your skin is individual, you should consult a dermatologist to determine the kind of treatment that will be best for your situation.  Remember that even if you already have some discoloration, you should wear sunscreen to protect your skin.