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Basal Cell Carcinoma  

Basal cell carcinoma is a common form of cancer that develops on the surface of the skin. Most of the times, it is characterized by a crusted papule. Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common cancers among people with fair skin, affecting about 3 out of 10 Caucasians around 50 years of age. Its development is correlated with exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet radiation.   

The skin is subject to three types of cancer: squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma and basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma, which develops from cells of the epidermis, is the most common form of skin cancer, with 800.000 new cases every year in the United States alone. While other parts of the body may affect by the tumor, basal cell carcinoma occurs mainly on sun-exposed skin areas, mainly the head and neck.   

Unlike many types of cancer, most basal cell carcinomas are effectively treated by surgery with a low risk of recurrence when detected early. However, if left untreated, the tumor can develop rapidly and lead to destructive expansion, particularly in the face. Basal cell carcinomas barely lead to the development of metastases. 


                                                 Basal Cell Carcinoma Causes