is an acute or chronic allergic disease causing inflammation of your epidermis (the top layer of the skin). It
is one of the most common diseases of the skin; represents about 30% of all dermatologic consultations. Unlike
skin cancer, eczema is not a life threatening
disease, but it can make your life miserable. Atopic dermatitis can affect anyone, but it mostly occurs
in babies and children.
What are the different types of
There are many types and
causes of eczema. Depending on its cause and evolution, scientists group eczema in several categories, of which
the most common include:
Allergic contact eczema, commonly called contact dermatitis, this skin disorder occurs in connection with repeated
exposure to allergenic substances. The most common allergens known to trigger allergic contact eczema include
nickel, rubber, detergents, certain cosmetic products, and drugs. Contact dermatitis is characterized by redness of the skin (erythema), itch and sometimes, scaly
desquamation. This skin disorder affects mostly adults.
Atopic eczema, also called atopic dermatitis – affects mostly atopic people, those who are hereditary
predisposed to allergies. It is very usual to find children with atopic dermatitis in allergic families.
Atopic eczema is characterized by redness and itch on the checks and
where there is skin folding
such as elbows, wrists and knees; sometimes, neck, ankles and feet. It is usually happens in the first six
months of childhood, and then disappears before the age of five or before adolescence. Symptoms are triggered mainly by certain foods (milk, eggs) and environmental
allergens dust, mites, pollen, etc.
Asteatotic Eczema – this type of eczema is associated with a reduction of
lipids present on the surface of your skin due mainly to aging, dry climate, certain detergents, and
malnutrition. It is characterized by scaly plaques dermatitis, often fissured, covering the affected area. The
skin develops a pattern of superficial cracks resembling to cracking of porcelain. The disease occurs mostly in
winter and among young adults or elderly who overexpose to water and
eczema, commonly called
dermatitis, is a chronic form of skin disorder of unknown cause. It
is characterized by inflammatory lesions more or less covered with itchy greasy scales on the scalp, eyelids, or
other parts of the skin such as neck and around the nose. Seborrheic dermatitis is a very common skin condition
affecting more than 3% of the US population.