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Skin Cancer Treatment  

The treatment of skin cancer depends on many factors: stage and location of the tumor, age and your health. Survival chance is higher when the cancer is diagnosed early. In general, the treatment of skin cancer includes surgery, electrocautery, cryosurgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy; dynamic photherapy can also be used.  

Electrocautery

 

Biological therapy (Immunotherapy) 

Also called biological therapy, immunotherapy is the use of drugs to strengthen your immune system to help your body fight the cancer cells. These drugs act by activating your immune cells so they attack cancer cells and destroy them. Interferon and interleukin-2 are the two most used drugs in the treatment of melanoma. Some of their adverse effects include: 

·         chills 

·         fever 

·         fatigue 

·         headache 

·         Muscle aches. 

 

Photodynamic therapy (PDT)  

This new form of therapy involves application of a photosensitizing substance (causing tissue susceptibility to certain lights) on the skin for several hours before exposing it to a particular light, which can be a blue or red. The substance is applied on the skin as a liquid or a cream containing aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA-HCl) or methyl aminolevulinate (MAL). Once on the skin, the drug is absorbed by the diseased tissue and sebaceous glands. Exposure to the light activates the substance in the tissue, and causes its destruction. You will need to avoid direct sunlight for at least six weeks after treatment.  

 

  Skin Cancer Stages                                 Skin Cancer Survival Rates